Addiction is a condition in which an individual gets involved in using some sort of substance, and the long-term use of which leads to severe health hazards, including death. The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) defines addiction as, “a chronic, relapsing brain disease that is characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use, despite harmful consequences.”
There are innumerable reasons such as psychological, biological, genetic, and environmental factors, that contribute to the increasing number of drug addiction cases. To find the factors that make an individual vulnerable to develop a drug addiction, J. David Jentsch, Empire Innovation Professor of psychology at Binghamton University, and other researchers, are planning to conduct a new study. The study will look into the genetic factors that influence brain function that increases the probability of drug addiction in an individual.
Though drug addiction is commonly found in people of all ages, there are certain categories of people who are most likely to get addicted to the drugs:
Youngsters, who fall in the age group of 18 to 25 years, are the highest abusers of addictive substances such as prescription opioid pain relievers, ADHD stimulants, and anti-anxiety drugs, said a recent report by the NIDA. A study conducted by the scientists at the Northwestern University and published in March 2016 revealed that white men abused more drugs than the black, although, the number of blacks caught in drug addiction cases is higher than the whites.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) states that around 45-79 percent children of alcoholics and drug addicts are more likely to abuse substances than the general population. This explains genetic and environmental factors can have a significant impact on children.
There is a high probability that an individual suffering from any form of mental illness such as depression, anxiety, or bipolar disorder will indulge in some kind of substance abuse. This is because such people consider drugs or alcohol as something that brings a feeling of positivity and happiness.
There is an eternal association between creative people and abuse of drugs. Numerous poets, writers and musicians, or people with higher IQs have been found to abuse some sort of substance at some point in life. Various factors, including stress, isolation, or failed relationships and marriages have been found to be responsible for higher risk for addiction among specific groups. Studies have shown that people with high IQs during childhood were more vulnerable to use illegal drugs as adults.
People who are emotionally weak and develop negative feelings like anger, anxiety, and stress are highly prone to drug abuse. This is because such people consider drugs or alcohol as the best remedy to give them relief from their negative emotions. According to a 2012 study published in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research (ACER), negative emotionality in people makes them more prone to drug addiction as these feelings make them impulsive, thereby, engaging them in a behavior that they find rewarding for a short-term while ignoring the associated long-term risks.
Drug addiction can hit anyone, be it a youngster or an adult. Therefore, it is better to ensure some precautionary measures like avoiding temptations and practicing healthy living style to avoid this dangerous addiction. If such measures fail to help, please contact the 247 Recovery Helpline for Drug and Alcohol Addiction. You may call at our 24/7 helpline number 855-441-4405 or chat online with our experts to know about the treatment centers for drug addiction.