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The dangers of adderall abuse

The American Psychiatric Association formally recognized Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) as a mental disorder in the late 1960s. Since then there have been various stimulants on the market to treat the condition. People of all races, religions and socio-economic statuses are abusing prescribed and non-prescribed ADHD medications and other similar stimulants. Due to an increase of ADHD diagnoses, studies show that in 2006 and 2007, roughly 6.4 percent of full-time college students reported using stimulants such as Adderall in a non-medical capacity in the previous year. In 2011, almost 14 million monthly prescriptions for ADHD medications were written for American adults ages 20 through 39, according to the US National Library of Medicine National Institute of Health.

High schools and colleges have recently reported stimulants such as Adderall to be among the most popular in “brain enhancement” or “performance” drugs on campus. However, a particular study published in the textbook “Pharmacology,” showed that people with creative minds actually had their performance inhibited by Adderall.

ADHD medications boost the dopamine and epinephrine neurotransmitters in the brain, which results in a calming effect for a person that has ADHD. People who have actually been diagnosed with ADHD, depression or anxiety are able to benefit from stimulant medications such as these due to the drug’s ability to adjust the neurotransmitters in their brains, which results in aiding them with a calmer overall feeling and a better ability to focus.

However, the dangers of misdiagnosis and overdosing on ADHD medications are very serious. Medications such as Adderall, when abused and taken in excess, can cause psychosis, stroke or even death. According to the Centers for Disease Control, the drug overdose death rate more than doubled from 1999 to 2013 and was the leading cause of injury and death in 2012. These consequences are definitely not worth the “enhancement” the drug creates. Using stimulants of any kind to enhance one’s performance at school or work is very dangerous and will only result in addiction to that drug. Withdrawal from the substance can also cause illness and possibly death.

Types of ADHD medication:

ADHD is no simple problem and because of that there are multiple different kinds of medications that have been made to treat it. These are some of them:

Anti-anxiety medications used for ADHD:

  • Methylphenidates
  • Benzodiazepine

Popular ADHD medications on the market:

  • Adderall (dextroamphetamine)
  • Dextrostat (dextroamphetamine)
  • Dexedrine (dextroamphetamine)
  • Vyvanse  (lisdexamfetamine)

Health problems caused by abusing ADHD medication:

While ADHD medications can be helpful to some, abuse and addiction of these stimulants can and will cause a multitude of health problems. Issues created by stimulant abuse include:

  • Depression
  • Insomnia
  • Hypersomnia
  • Psychomotor retardation
  • Cardiovascular failure
  • Seizures
  • Stroke
  • High anxiety
  • Paranoia
  • Psychosis

Currently the struggle with addiction to prescription pills is a dangerous one because of how readily available they are on the web and in schools, as well as the rise of ADHD diagnoses. It’s extremely important that a person never self-prescribes or takes more than what’s prescribed when ADHD is legitimately diagnosed.

Addiction to prescribed or non-prescribed ADHD medication and other stimulants is a very serious situation that must be dealt with as a problem suspected or identified. Treatment for prescription drug abuse can diminish the risks of health problems, harming oneself and causing harm to anybody else.

Group therapy, individual therapy and 12-step programs can help anybody seeking treatment for addiction. Mindful meditation is also extraordinarily helpful for ADHD patients.

To learn more about treatment options for stimulant abuse or addiction  please call 855-441-4405 for more information.

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